The Andhra Pradesh Pollution Control Board has focused predominantly on improvement of the quality of water, air and effluent & solid waste management in Industries and Hospitals. The Board has initiated several measures for effective control of Environmental pollution in the State. With its innovative approach in the field of Environment Protection, the Board has achieved the following accomplishments to its credit, which were first of its kind in the Country prior to division of the State.
AP is the first state in India to commence “Treatment Storage Disposal Facility” (TSDF) at Dundigal. Inventorisation of 1739 units covered under Hazardous Waste Management Rules, 2003 has been carried out. The total quantity of Hazardous waste generation in Andhra Pradesh State is 5,56,317 TPA of which 2,11,440 TPA is disposable waste, 3,13,217 TPA is recyclable waste and 31,659 TPA is incinerable waste. The Treatment Storage Disposal Facility (TSDF) at Dindigal, Rangareddy district is effectively managing industrial hazardous waste in the State. Common Hazardous Waste incinerator under phase II project of TSDF, Dundigal, R.R.Dist. was commissioned in the month of November, 2006 to incinerate hazardous incinerable waste. The second Hazardous Waste landfill facility as part of Pharma City, Parawada, Visakhapatnam Dist., was commissioned in November, 2006. This TSDF has also commenced common hazardous waste incinerator for disposal of the incinerable waste generated from the industries located in North Coastal Districts of A.P.
A.P. is the first State in India to have Common Bio Medical Waste Treatment Facility. There are 11 Common Bio-Medical Waste Treatment facilities operating in the State for safe disposal of 8.4 Tonnes of Bio-Medical Waste generated per day. 5044 Health Care Facilities (HCFs) have tied up with the Common Bio Medical Waste Treatment Facilities.
The Memorandum understanding was signed by APPCB, CPCB, APIIC and Germany agency for technical co-operation (GTZ) Germany for developing Eco industrieal estates at the existring industrial estates of Nacharam / Mallapur near hyderabad and up coming Special Economic Zone (SEZ), Visakhapatnam. The APIIC has prepared environmental status report of IDA, Mallapur through EPTRI and conducted workshop at IDA, Mallapur on Eco industrial estate concept.
Three Task Forces (Hyderabad Vijayawada and Board office) have been established to enquire into public complaints, inspecting problematic industries / hot spots. Night surveillance is carried out in and around Hyderabad to check illegal dumpings. 476 industries have been called for legal hearing. 116 industries were given closure / stop production orders and 360 industries were issued with directions during 2007-08.
Four Municipal Solid Waste processing plants are operating for processing Municipal Solid waste. There are Twenty Sewage treatment plants in the State to treat 693.5 MLD of Sewage generated in the cities and towns.
The APPCB has signed an MoU with CPCB and Tirupati Municipality to improve environment and bring in visible results through implementation of identified environmental improvement projects in Tirupati town under Eco-City programme. The environmental development plan for core area of Tirupati town has been prepared by Tirupati Municipality with assistance of JNTU, Hyderabad and approved by DPR Evaluation Committee of CPCB. The Tirupati Municipality has completed some of the activities viz., Covering / improvement of storm water drains and Connecting Koneru to Narasimha Tirtham by pipeline to replenish water on permanent basis. 50% of the activity of cleaning / de-silting of stagnant drains work is completed.
The APPCB in collaboration with CPCB has set up Continous Ambient Air Quality Monitoring Station at Head Office located at Parayavaran Bhavan, Sanathnagar, Hyderabad. This was commissioned in the month of January, 2006. The station is in operation continuously and recording the date.
The MoU was signed by APPCB, CPCB and Suryapet Municipality for setting up of model facilities for demonstration of management of Municipal Solid Waste. CPCB has released first instalment to Suryapet Municipality through APPCB. The Suryapet Municipality has organized door to door collection of waste effectively and no community dust bins are observed in the town. The Suryapet Municipality is preparing detailed project report on Bio-Medical Waste disposal, Construction of landfill facility, Sewage Treatment Plant and laying of BT road using Plastic Waste through National Consultancy for planning and Engineering, Hyderabad.
Twenty two workshops were conducted on various subjects involving industries and other stake holders. Two information bulletins on the subjects of waste minimization, energy conservation and cleaner production techniques for bringing awareness among the industrialists, specifically in Cement, Parboiled Rice Mills, Tanneries, Fruit & Vegetable processing sectors etc., were released. Appreciation awards were given to 3 industries, 3 Health Care Establishments (HCEs) and 1 NGO on the occasion of “World Environment Day 2008”.
As part of Awareness Programmes, 4 Special Awareness Programmes and 227 Environmental Mobile Exhibitions / Interaction meets were conducted through out the State with the support of 3 mobile exhibitions namely Manaratham, Shramika and Nagarika on various Environmental issues of concern to the citizens in the State.
A.P. Pollution Control Board is the designated authority for enforcement of the provisions of the Recycled Plastics (Management & Usage) Rules 1999 and to levy penalties for violation of these rules as per G.O.Ms.No.25, dated 30.3.2001 of the State Government. Usage of recycled plastic carry bags and containers for food stuffs as well as plastic carry bags of less than 20 Microns thickness is banned in Andhra Pradesh. Littering of public places with plastic carry bags is also prohibited. In G.O.Ms.No.158, dated 4.4.2006, the state Government constituted District level Task Force Committees headed by the District Collector to enforce the provisions of these rules related to the use, collection, segregation, transportation and disposal of plastic carry bags and containers and also to impose penalties on defaulting vendors, retailers and other establishments. APPCB also conducts awareness programmes among public of the issue of management of plastics.
Visakhapatnam and Bollaram Patancheru industrial areas in Andhra Pradesh have been identified as Critically Pollution Areas by Central Pollution Control Board in 1990. A.P. Pollution Control Board constituted “Monitoring Committees” in these two areas to monitor and review the status of pollution by the industries. With constant persuasion, APPCB in consultation with the industries in the Critically Polluted Areas prepared industry specific Action Plans for implementation of various mitigation measures for further reduction of pollution load and for the effective treatment and disposal of the effluents and solid wastes by the industries. Under the Action Plan industries have created and strengthened environmental cell in each unit, commissioned Online Ambient Air Quality Monitoring stations, provided alternative power supply during power failures for smooth functioning of control systems, installed solvent recovery plants, latest air pollution control equipments, Reverse Osmosis plants and effluents treatment facilities. Since 2000, Rs.188 Crores will be spent by 2008 in Patancheru Bollaram Areas for improving their Environment Management Plans.