The Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India,
notified the Bio-Medical Wastes (Management & Handling) Rules, in July 1998
(link) under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986, through Gazette
notification S.O.630 (E). These rules regulate the generation, handling,
collection, storage, transport, treatment and disposal of BMW. Some of the
salient features of these rules are given below.
These Rules are applicable to all persons who generate,
collect, receive, store, transport, treat, dispose or handle bio medical waste
in any form.
The State Pollution Control Board / Pollution Control
Committee is the prescribed authority for the implementation of the Rules in the
States / Union Territories.
Every occupier of the healthcare units generating,
collecting, receiving, storing, transporting, treating, disposing and / or
handling BMW in any other manner, except such occupier of clinics,
dispensaries, pathological laboratories, blood banks providing treatment /
service to less than 1000 patients per month shall make an application in Form-I
to the prescribed authority for grant of authorization.
The prescribed authority shall, on receipt of Form-I make
such enquiry as it deems fit, and if it is satisfied that the applicant
possesses the necessary capacity to handle the BMW in accordance with the Rules,
may grant or renew an authorization, as the case may be.
It shall be the duty of every occupier of the Healthcare unit
to take all steps to ensure that BMW is handled without any adverse effect to
human health & environment. Every occupier, where required, shall set up
requisite bio medical waste treatment facilities like incinerator, autoclave,
microwave system for the treatment of waste or ensure requisite treatment of
waste at a Common Waste Treatment Facility or any other waste treatment
The municipal body of the area shall pick up and transport
segregated non-biomedical waste generated in the hospitals and nursing homes, as
well as duly treated BMW for disposal at the municipal dump site.
The BMW shall not be mixed with other wastes. The untreated
BMW shall not be stored beyond a period of 48 hours without permission of the
The occupier of the healthcare unit needs to maintain the
records related to the generation, collection, reception, storage,
transportation, treatment, disposal and / or any form of handling BMW.
Every occupier / operator shall submit an annual report (of
the status of BMW management) to the State Pollution Control Board in Form-II by
31st January every year. The State PCB shall send this information
in a compiled form to the CPCB by 31st March every year.