The MoE&F, GOI vide S.O. 1533 dt.
14.09.2006 issued Environmental Impact Assessment
Notification, 2006 (EIA-2006).
As per the provisions laid
under EIA-2006 notification, prior Environmental Clearance (EC) is
required for the following projects.
All new projects/activities
listed in Schedule
Expansion and/or modernization of
Change in product mix if the
pollution load is increasing.
The MoE&F, GOI process the
environmental clearance applications related to Category-A projects
and the State level Environment Impact Assessment Authority (SEIAA,
AP) process the environmental clearance applications related to
Category-B projects. The list of the projects which require prior
EC is mentioned in the EIA Notification-2006.
In the process of prior
Environmental Clearance there are 4 stages. They are as follows:
Stage I: Screening
Stage II: Scoping
III: Public Consultation
Stage IV: Appraisal
PROCEDURE TO OBTAIN
The proponent shall apply in
the prescribed application format i.e. Form- 1 (or Form 1 & 1A in
case of construction projects) along with relevant documents to the
concerned Authority ( MoE&F, GOI in case of Category-A projects
OR SEIAA, AP incase of Category-B projects).
The proponents are invited to
the meeting of the State Level Expert Appraisal Committee (SEAC), an
advisory committee to the State level Environment Impact Assessment
Authority (SEIAA). The applications are subjected to screening and
scoping. The SEAC issues Terms of References (TORs) to the project
proponents based on the climatic conditions of the region,
surroundings of the site, manufacturing process, pollution generated
from the proposed project etc.
The proponent has to prepare a
draft Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) report based on the TORs
issued by the SEAC. The proponent approaches concerned State
Pollution Control Board to undergo the process of public
consultation. The public hearing is conducted under the Chairmanship
of District Magistrate or his /her representative not below the rank
of an additional District Magistrate assisted by the representative
of State PCB. A paper notification is issued in the local news
papers both in Telugu and English languages 30 days in advance
indicating the date, time and venue for the public hearing. The
public hearing will be conducted on the date specified in the paper
notification. The minutes of the public hearing are prepared and
sent along with the representations received from the public to the
concerned Authority i.e. MoE&F, GOI for Category-A projects and
SEIAA for Category-B projects.
The proponent prepares the
final EIA report incorporating the issues arouses in the public
hearing and submits to the concerned Authority i.e. MoE&F, GOI for
Category-A projects and SEIAA for Category-B projects.
The concerned Authority
appraises the final EIA report, minutes of the public hearing and
representations received from the public and the reply /commitments
of the proponent on the issues arouse in the public hearing. A final
decision is taken regarding issue of environmental clearance,
conditions to be stipulated in the EC. Accordingly, environmental
clearance is issued. If the Authority decides to reject the
application of EC, the decision will be communicated to the
proponent along with reasons for rejection.
As per the provisions laid
under EIA-2006 notification, the maximum time required for the
process of an application for issue of Environmental Clearance is
about 10 to 12 months. (i.e. for above mentioned 4 stages).
GENERAL CONDITION (GC):
Any project or activity specified in
Category ‘B’ will be treated as Category A, if located in whole or
in part within 10 km from the boundary of: (i) Protected Areas
notified under the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972, (ii) Critically
Polluted areas as notified by the Central Pollution Control Board
from time to time, (iii) Notified Eco-sensitive areas, (iv)
inter-State boundaries and international boundaries.
SPECIFIC CONDITION (SC):
If any Industrial Estate/Complex /
Export processing Zones /Special Economic Zones/Biotech Parks /
Leather Complex with homogeneous type of industries such as Items
4(d), 4(f), 5(e), 5(f), or those Industrial estates with pre
–defined set of activities (not necessarily homogeneous, obtains
prior environmental clearance, individual industries including
proposed industrial housing within such estates /complexes will
not be required to take prior environmental clearance, so long as
the Terms and Conditions for the industrial estate/complex are
complied with (Such estates/complexes must have a clearly
identified management with the legal responsibility of ensuring
adherence to the Terms and Conditions of prior environmental
clearance, who may be held responsible for violation of the same
throughout the life of the complex/estate).
The applications are to be submitted to the :
State Level Environmental Impact Assessment Authority,
A3, Industrial Estate, Sanathnagar,
HYDERABAD - 500018
Site visit Reports