Overview

The State Board for Prevention and Control of Water Pollution was constituted on 24-01-1976 under the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974.  After the Air (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act 1981 came into force, the Board’s name was changed as Andhra Pradesh Pollution Control Board. Initially the Board was set up to implement the provisions of the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974. The Board was subsequently given the responsibility of implementing a series of other environmental Acts and Rules.

The Board has been playing a catalytic role in implementing environmental policies, laws regulations and developing frameworks to manage both wastes and natural resources more efficiently. With its Head Office at Hyderabad, the Board covers the entire State through its 3 Zonal Offices at Visakhapatnam, Vijayawada and Kurnool headed by Joint Chief Environmental Engineer (JCEE) and 9 Regional Offices at  Tirupathi, Kurnool, Vizaianagaram, Visakhapatnam, Kakinada, Eluru, Vijayawada, Guntur and Nellore each headed by Environmental Engineer (EE).

The Board has established a Central Laboratory at Hyderabad (presently shared with Telangana State) which is headed by Joint Chief Environmental Scientist (JCES) and 3 Zonal Laboratories viz. Vijayawada, Kurnool and Visakhapatnam headed by Senior Environmental Scientist (SES). Each Zonal Laboratory undertakes continuous monitoring of the quality of air and water. The Board has also 3 Laboratories at Regional Office level i.e., Tirupati, Nellore, and Kakinada. The Andhra Pradesh Pollution Control Board is empowered to carry out its functions under the provisions of the following Pollution Control Acts, Rules and Amendments issued there under.

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The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 and amendments thereof:

The Act provides (i) for the prevention and control of water pollution and the maintaining and restoring the wholesomeness of water, (ii) for the establishment of Boards for the prevention and control of water pollution, and (iii) for conferring on and assigning to such Boards the powers and functions relating thereto and for matters connected therewith.

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The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Cess Act, 1977 and amendments thereof:

The Act provides for the levy and collection of cess on water consumed by persons carrying on certain industries and by local authorities, with a view to augment the resources of the Central Board and the State Boards for the prevention and control of water pollution constituted under the Water Act.

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The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981 and amendments thereof:

The prime objective of this Act is to provide (i) for the prevention, control, and abatement of air pollution, (ii) for the establishment of Boards, and (iii) for the conferring on and assigning to such Boards powers and functions relating thereto and for matters connected therewith.

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The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 and amendments thereof:

The Government of India has delegated certain powers vested in it under the provisions of the Environment Protection Act, 1986 to State Governments vide Government of India Gazette notification dt.10.2.1988.  The Act intends to provide for the overall protection and improvement of the environment.

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The Hazardous Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules, 1989 and amendments thereof:

The Rules demand that various categories of hazardous waste, as mentioned in the Rules and hazardous waste generated within the State of Andhra Pradesh, is properly stored, treated and disposed off to ensure that the handling of such waste does not cause any ecological disturbance.

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The Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemicals Rules, 1989 and amendments thereof:

The main intention of these Rules is to impose restriction on the manufacture and storage of hazardous chemicals, as well as to control the import of hazardous chemicals, which are not permitted to import under these Rules.

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The Biomedical Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules, 1998 and amendments thereof:

These Rules aim at the management and handling of biomedical waste generated from health care establishments.

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The Recycled Plastics Manufacture and Usage Rules, 1999 and amendments thereof:

These Rules were notified to impose restriction on the manufacture and use of recycled plastic carry bags and containers.

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The Municipal Solid Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 2000

The main intention of these Rules is to regulate the management and handling of the municipal solid waste.

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The Noise Pollution (Regulation and Control) Rules, 2000 and amendments thereof:

These Rules intend to regulate and control noise-producing and noise-generating sources. Rules relating to Noise Pollution notified under Environment (Protection) Rules, 1986 are: (i) The Environment (Protection) Amendment Rules, 2001 and 2003 (ii) The Environment (Protection) (Second Amendment) Rules, 1998, 1999 and 2002; and (iii) The Environment (Protection) Fourth Amendment Rules, 2002

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The Batteries (Management and Handling) Rules, 2001

These Rules demand for the management and handling of used batteries.

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The Ozone Depleting Substances (Regulation and Control) Rules, 2001

These Rules aim at regulating the ozone depleting substances.

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The Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991 and amendments thereof:

The Act aims at providing immediate relief to the persons affected by accidents occurring while handling any hazardous substance.

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