Major Events Conducted
Medaram Sammakka Saralamma Jathara 2014:
The Sammakka – Saralamma Jathara which is one of the major tribal festivals celebrated once in every two years at Madaram Village, Warangal district. The festival is being celebrated from 12.02.2014 to 15.02.2014 at Madaram village and about 1 crore people is expected to visit the temple to pay tribute to Sammakka Saralamma devathas. In connection with the Medaram Sammakka Saralamma Jathara 2014 the Andhra Pradesh Pollution Control Board has trained 800 volunteers of NSS, NCC and local colleges’ students to perform kalajatha programmes on Anti Plastic Littering Campaign. These Volunteers were placed at Warangal, Khammam, Karimnagar, Adilabad and Nizamabad districts including Medaram. The District Collector, Warangal has directed to give ID cards to the volunteers who have participated on Anti Plastic Littering Campaign in connection with the Medaram Jathara for identity purpose along with these activities making 500 cloth banners on plastic and printing 5000 posters and 20,000 stickers (10,000 Big size poster stickers and 10,000 Small size poster stickers) on various environmental issues such as 1) Plastic free Sammakka Saralamma Jathara (2) Forest Protection (3) Public Transport (4) Water Protection and Conservation and (5) Public sanitation.
World Water Day:
The AP Pollution Control Board and Water and Land Management Training Research Institute, Hyderabad jointly conducted World Water Day at Hyderabad. The programmed was graced by the Sri T.G. Venkatesh, Hon’ble Minister for Minor Irrigation, Sri Sudarshan Reddy, Minister for Major & Medium Irrigation, Director General, WALAMTARI, Principal Secretary, Irrigation and Chief Engineers of Irrigation Department participated in the programme. Addressing the gathering Sri T.G. Venkatesh, Minister for Minor Irrigation address to the gathering every citizen and every public servant should take keen interest and promote water budgeting. Water needs in the past met by rain only, but future water needs will have to be met by desalination. Sri Sudarshan Reddy, Minister for Major & Medium Irrigation said that all of us including plants, animals and birds need water. We may have alternate energy resources but there is no alternate to water. This is why farmers will have to adopt drip irrigation. Later a Poster in Telugu on Water Conservation brought out by the Board was released by the Hon’ble Minister for Minor Irrigation and Hon’ble Minister for Major & Medium Irrigation on the occasion.
World Earth Day (22.04.2015):
Our Earth is the only planet in the Universe where life is possible till date. It is very necessary to maintain the natural assets of the earth in order to continue the life. The 22nd of April has been marked as an Earth Day to make the human race get aware about the importance of their planet.
The World Earth Day was started first time in USA California by Gaylord Nelson on 22nd April, 1970 with 20 million peoples. The reason behind the Earth Day is serious Environmental issue i.e oil spill in USA. Based on that the USA has started USEPA (Environmental protection authority) and various acts like clean air act, clean water act etc.
Our relationship with the Earth is, in some way, the very foundation of the way we live, and breathe, and relate to one another, you see. The early pagans were probably not far off with their belief that the Earth was our Mother, that the very possibility of life was a divine presence all around us. This belief instructed the clan, or the tribe, in how to behave toward nature. They found wisdom in what they saw all around them, learning from how the plants and animals related to each other. And they figured that they were subject to the same rules as the rest of nature. If we still believed that way, it would have profound implications for how we live on the Earth today. Promotion of natural balance among people as well as encourage them for respecting the assets of the planet, but day to day increasing rate of the industrialization as well as the careless attitude of the people living on the earth. It is very necessary to take care of the environmental issues to stay happy, healthy and alive.
In this context one of the big examples of it is the depletion of the Ozone layer which prevents us from the ultra violet rays of the sun. Another big problem of the environment is death of rivers by getting mixed with the industrial toxic materials which leads to the ecological damage, non portability of water. Increasing industrialization on daily basis leads to deforestation which ultimately leads to the rise in the Earth temperature. Meteorological conditions, like the annual average temperature at the Earth’s surface, change overtime. Small changes in these conditions can result in ice ages, or warm periods. Over the past century an increase of the Earth’s average surface temperature of about +0.76°C has been observed. There are several natural factors that can influence the climate, such as changes in the Earth’s orbit around the sun, volcanic eruptions, or even periods of heightened or diminished solar activity. However, the current warming trend we are experiencing has been primarily linked to an increased concentration of heat-trapping greenhouse gases (GHGs) such as carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) in the atmosphere. India being rice bowl states with paddy crops and cattle population and possibility of release of more methane. So there is urgent need of forestation.
The impacts of global warming are already apparent today in melting glaciers, increased frequency of extreme weather events such as droughts, cyclones or heavy rain falls, sea level rise, and changes in plant growth affecting agriculture and food production. These and other observed changes are expected to intensify and inflict a significant impact on human societies and the environment around the world especially if no drastic efforts are undertaken to reduce the emissions of GHGs into the atmosphere.
These are the life ending dangers on the earth forever which can be lessen through the small steps such as new trees plantation, inhibiting the deforestation, limiting the vehicles use to reduce air pollution, enhancing the energy conservation through reducing the unnecessary use of electricity. Such small steps become a big step of taken care by the people worldwide together. Now a day, everything is being packed in the plastic bags or given in it by the shopkeepers. Plastic bags or given it by the shopkeepers. Plastic bags productions are increasing day by day which is very shameful condition for us as these materials are un degradable.
World Environment Day (05.06.2015) :
The well-being of humanity, the environment, and the functioning of the economy, ultimately depend upon the responsible management of the planet’s natural resources. Evidence is building that people are consuming far more natural resources than what the planet can sustainably provide. World Environment Day is also a day for people from all walks of life to come together to ensure a cleaner, greener and brighter outlook for themselves and future generations. Many of the Earth’s ecosystems are nearing critical tipping points of depletion or irreversible change, pushed by high population growth and economic development. By 2050, if current consumption and production patterns remain the same and with a rising population expected to reach 9.6 billion, we will need three planets to sustain our ways of living and consumption.
The Theme of 2015 year World Environment Day is “Seven Billion Dreams. One Planet. Consume with Care “. The people are consuming more natural resources than what the planet can sustainably provide.
The UN Secretary General quoted that “Although individual decisions may seem small in the face of global threats purpose and trends, when billions of people join forces in common, we can make a tremendous difference”.
The World Environment Day is the opportunity for every one to realize the responsibility to care for the Earth and to become agents of change. To commemorate the WED Celebrations, the APPCB proposes to organize Seminar/ Workshops and Green Rally in all district head quarters involving District Administration in coordination with local elected people’s representatives, Industry, NGOs, ULBs, Stakeholder departments on the theme proposed by UNEP.
Godavari Pushkaralu (July, 2015) :
The Board was organized intensive publicity campaign through Song and Drama programmes, Folk Art Team programmes in a big way to create awareness among public throughout the State of Andhra Pradesh to alert people against water, air and noise pollution to explicate the Dos and Don’ts to be adopted by the public before and during Godavari Pushkaralu. Special teams were also deputed to East and West Godavari districts to inspect the industries and closed outlets which are releasing pollutants to the river Godavari. The samples were collected from upstream, down stream and bathing ghats at all the identified bathing ghats to monitor the quality of river water during during pushkaralu. As a result there was no issue relating to pollution during the pushkarams visited by lakhs of people.
Eco-Friendly Diwali (11.11.2015):
“Limit Crackers Noise to Day Time. Limit Sparklers Light to Night Time”. “No rockets of air borne crackers during dawn and dusk.”Protect birds which go in the dawn and return in the dusk”. The older tradition of burning oil lamps is a possible alternative to electric lights – even though it does use oil, the duration of the lamps is shorter. These points came as a part of Andhra Pradesh State Pollution Control Board Eco Friendly Diwali Campaign.
In this context also explained that never burst crackers in front of pets and do not allow them in any common area (terraces, walkways) where crackers are being burst. Once the cracker session is over, ensure that the fireworks are put out and disposed of safely as many pets have been grievously wounded or killed while picking up crackers that failed to go off when lit. At home, ensure that toxic crackers are out of reach of curious paws. Cats and dogs tend to take refuge under vehicles (kittens often curl up on tires), so make sure you check these areas before stating cars.
If you live in an apartment complex, petition to the resident community to ban fireworks and to light lamps instead — this protects the interests of animals, birds, infants, asthmatics and senior citizens, all of whom are affected by the noise and smoke. Lastly, if you see an act of cruelty or an accidental injury, report the issue to an animal rescue group or veterinarian immediately.
The pall of smoke that hung around the city on the day and a day after Diwali, is detrimental for humans and animals alike because it induces respiratory problems.
The post-Diwali smog is more a cause for concern than any other substance, as it contains poisonous gasses that leave symptomatic effects such as headaches, irritation and allergies often for weeks after celebrations.
Organising Eco-Friendly Clay Ganesh Idol Programme:
Ganesh Chaturthi is a widely celebrated Hindu Festival in India. But people are ignoring the most serious impact of the Ganesh Chaturthi on the environment due to the immersion of idols made of Plaster of Paris into lakes, rivers and the sea. Traditionally, the idol was sculpted out of mud taken from nearby one’s home. After the festival, it was returned to the Earth by immersing it in a nearby water body. This cycle was meant to represent the cycle of creation and dissolution in Nature.
Considering the impacts of effects on environment due to usage of Plaster of Paris Ganesh idols APPCB initiated to organize clay Ganesh idol making workshops in all 13 districts of Andhra Pradesh in association with Andhra Pradesh State Pollution Control Board to create awareness among the people. Accordingly these workshops were organized in some Schools, Colleges and several Organizations in Andhra Pradesh.
As part of awareness program the students are explained the effects of using plaster of paris Ganesh idols to the environment as Plaster of paris is a manmade material, easier to mould, lighter and less expensive than clay. However, plaster is non-biodegradable, and insoluble in water. Moreover, the chemical paints used to adorn these plaster idols themselves contain heavy metals like mercury and cadmium, causing water pollution. Also, on immersion, nonbiodegradable accessories that originally adorned the idol accumulate in the layers under the water body. Therefore Clay Lord Ganes has have been encouraged to be used for immersion into the water courses to prevent any harmful environmental impacts.
In order to ensure pollution free Ganesh Chaturthi, the Board has organizing awareness programmes and distribution of eco friendly clay Ganesh idols on subsidized rates. One of the main objectives of this initiative is to promote eco-friendly clay ganesh idols for reducing the pollution levels in water bodies during the festival of Ganesh Chathurthi.
It is also explained for some years now we have been observing a growing awareness about the water pollution caused by the immersion of Ganesh idols made out of Plaster of Paris, in natural water bodies such as lakes, rivers and the sea. PoP is not a naturally occurring material. Plaster of Paris is a calcium sulfate hemihydrate: (CaSO4, 1⁄2 H2O) derived from gypsum, a calcium sulfate dehydrate (CaSO4 , 2 H2O), by firing this mineral at relatively low temperature and then reducing it to powder. While idols made out of naturally occurring clay dissolve withinhours of immersion in water, PoP idols may take anywhere between several months to years to fully dissolve. In addition, when chemical paints are used to decorate the idols, these paints contain heavy metals such as mercury and lead, which seep into the water as the idol dissolves. As the acid content in the waters increases the TDS (Total Dissolved Solids) increased by a 100%.The Dissolved Oxygen content increased during the day due to the agitation of waters during immersion and reduced at night when organic discharge increased.
People are urged to buy traditional clay idols made by artisans. On the final day of the Ganesh festival thousands of plaster idols are immersed into water bodies by devotees. These increase the level of acidity in the water and the content of heavy metals.
Plaster of Paris does not dissolve easily in water and hence the Idol floats on water after immersion. Sometimes in cities, the remains of Idols which have not dissolved in water for a long period are collected and a bulldozer is run over them to convert them into mud. This amounts to extreme denigration of the Deity. The Deity should be offered the same reverence when immersing it as when it is invoked. Since the Idol is not immersed properly, in a way it amounts to dishonoring the Deity. Mixing of the plaster of Paris in water pollutes the river, sea, lake, etc. and can have an adverse effect on the health of living beings.
So to address this issue it is explained to return to the traditional use of natural clay idols and immerse the icon in a bucket of water or nearby water body and ban on the immersion of plaster idols into lakes, rivers or in any water body.
Anything which is in consonance with the scriptures proves to be ideal and beneficial. According to this rule, if the Idol of Shri Ganesh is sculpted as per the science behind the Idol, then the pure spiritual particles of Shri Ganesh get attracted towards the Idol to a greater extent and protect the environment.
One should prepare the Ganesh Idol from china clay or mud. Nowadays, Idols are made from plaster of Paris so that they become light weight and more attractive. There is a difference between Idols made from mud and plaster of Paris. There are references in the Puranas that Shri Ganapathi was created from grime. Hence, it is appropriate to use a Ganesh Idol made of mud for ritualistic worship. Idols can also be made from dry leaves and grass with a coating of clay over it. When making huge Idols, iron rods, bamboos, etc. are required to be inserted within them for support. It is improper to use such objects in the Idols which effects the water and also the aquatic organisms. To conclude it is explained to the students to GO GREEN and protect the environment.
As part of workshop the students are shown the simple way to make clay Ganesh idol in 3 minutes and made them to practice several times for perfection and again make the lump to home to make the idol on the festival and worship with the same idol. As a part of awareness campaign rallies are also organized by the idols made by the students and painting & eco-friendly Ganesh competitions are also conducted.
National Pollution Control Day (02.12.2015) :
The National Pollution Control Day is celebrated every year on 2nd of December in India in order to give the honor and memorialize the thousands of human beings who had lost their existence because of the Bhopal gas calamity. Bhopal gas tragedy was happened in the night of 2nd and 3rd December in the year 1984 because of the unintentional discharge of the poisonous chemical known as Methyl Isocyanate (also called MIC) as well as some other chemicals released from the Union Carbide Chemical Plant positioned in the city. According to the report, more than 500,000 people (of which around 2259 were died immediately) were exposed to the poisonous gas of MIC. Later, It was declared by the government of Madhya Pradesh that around 3,787 deaths were related to the gas tragedy. In the next 72 hours, around 8,000 to 10,000 people were died whereas around 25,000 people were died later because of the gas – related diseases. It was identified as the biggest industrial pollution disaster of the history world wide which needed serious preventive measures suddenly in order to stay away from such type of disaster in the future.
One of the leading factors of celebrating the national pollution control day every year is to manage and control the industrial Disaster as well as prevention of the pollution (created by the industrial processes or manual negligence) of water, air and soil. Varieties of laws are declared by the Government all over world in order to seriously control and prevent the pollution.
National Pollution Control Day is celebrated every year on 2nd December to make aware the people and most importantly to aware the industries about paying great attention towards the need of Pollution Control Acts.
Folk Media as a tool for Environmental Awareness:
The Board has engaged Rural Folk Awareness Organisation for conducting 55 Kalajatha awareness programmes in the mandals of Hyderabad, Rangareddy, Mahaboobnagar, Kurnool and Kadapa districts. These awareness programmes focus on various environmental issues Viz., Municipal Solid Waste Management, Global warming, Bio-diversity, Plastic waste management, water pollution and its adverse effects.
Spreading awareness about the environment through Media:
The Board has also issued advertisements to the local newspapers and magazines on various environmental issues to create awareness among the public.
Other Board supporting programmes:
Apart from the standalone initiatives, the Board has also supported programmes of others i.e., Universities/ Institutions and NGOs programmes in the State for supporting and conducting Workshops/ National & International Seminars on various Environment issues for creating environmental awareness among the student community and general public in the state of Andhra Pradesh.