Water is second essential commodity after air for the survival of living beings including mankind on earth. Water management involves various human activities like irrigation, agricultural / industrial development, use of water resources for hydroelectric generation etc. For management of water quality of a water body one has to define the water quality requirements or water quality objectives for that water body.
Increase of urbanisation and industrialisation is one of the important factors causing pollution of water resources. The water quality monitoring is a must for rational development and management of water resources. It has a direct relation with chemistry, biology, statistics and also economics. While implementing the provisions of the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974,
Andhra Pradesh Pollution Control Board (APPCB), after bifurcation of the State, is continued to monitor water quality of rivers, lakes, canals, drains, ground water, coastal waters, etc. through out the State of Andhra Pradesh under the follwing various programmes / projects. APPCB is having three fully equipped Zonal Laboratories and nine Regional Offices to cater the needs of the water quality monitoring in the State of Andhra Pradesh.